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Wathinta abafazi wathinta imbokodwe

Example of a pass book

Eminyakeni engamashumi ayisithupha eyedlule abesifazane ababalelwa ezinkulungwaneni ezingamashumi amabili bamashela ezindlini zombuso e-Union Buildings, ePitoli bebhikishela imithetho yamapasi. Njengoba kwakuhlangene abesifazane abaqhamuka ezinkalweni zonke zezwe, umhla ka-9 Agasti 1956 kwaba ngusuku oluyingqophamlando, futhi olwashintsha umlando wezwe lethu. UMthetho Wabamnyama owashaywa ngo-1952, owawaziwa kakhulu njengoMthetho Wamapasi, wawuphoqa ukuba bonke abantu abamnyama baseNingizimu Afrika abaneminyaka engaphezu kwengu-16 […]

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela: 26 September 1936-2 April 2018

Winnie 4

Late Monday afternoon the airwaves filled with stories of Winnie Madikizela-Mandela as people phoned in to express their grief over the passing of this legendary South African political activist. Born on the 26th September 1936, Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela, known popularly as ‘Winnie’, was the daughter of two teachers, and the fifth of nine children. With educators […]

Sharpeville and the Story of Cato Manor

Beer halls 2

Internationally Human Rights Day is celebrated on the 10th December each year in honour of the United Nations’ adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. But in South Africa we commemorate Human Rights Day on the 21st March, in acknowledgment of the events that took place on this day in 1960, when the police opened fire […]

Anti-Racism Week

Yesterday marked the start of Anti-Racism Week in South Africa, which will culminate on the 21st March with Human Rights Day and the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. While the issue of racism has never really left us, it would seem that rather than the situation improving, discussions around race and problems of […]

Charlotte Mannya Maxeke (1871-1939)

Bronze statue of Charlotte Maxeke, The Long March to Freedom National Heritage Monument, Pretoria

While apartheid is considered officially to have begun in 1948 with the National Party’s ascension to power, racial segregation had long been practised in South Africa prior to this date. Apartheid simply formalised ‘separateness’ through a long list of laws, that were constantly being added to, and amended. As a former British colony, South Africa was […]