Address: corner of Dr Pixley kaSeme St and Church St
Since the Durban City Hall was officially opened on 12 May 1910 the imposing domed building has been the centre of municipal government, housing the Mayor’s Parlour, council chambers and other important offices. During decades of state-sanctioned racial segregation, and apartheid legislation after 1948, the city council and elected officials represented the will of only a small white minority. As a result, until 1994 the City Hall was regarded as a significant symbol of racist government oppression by the majority of Durban residents. This view was reinforced by the colonial heritage of the site surrounding the City Hall, which was renamed Farewell Square in 1924 to commemorate the arrival of Francis Farewell and British settlers who established a permanent trading post at Port Natal in 1824. The walled square dates from 1945 when a Royal visit was planned and includes memorials to Queen Victoria, colonial-era military regiments and local dignitaries. Anti-apartheid protest marches against the discriminatory laws of the Durban government frequently moved along West Street (renamed Dr Pixley kaSeme Street) to the offices of the Mayor. A key event in the final decline of apartheid occurred in the City Hall on 15 August 1985 when President P.W. Botha addressed the National Party Congress held in Durban. Although expected to announce major reforms, including the release of Nelson Mandela, Botha refused to submit to international pressure for change. The event became known as the “Rubicon Speech”, and represented the last stand for advocates of South Africa’s policy of racial segregation and political persecution.
I-Durban City Hall
Selokhu savulwa ngokusemthethweni mhla zingu-12 kuNhlaba ka 1910, lesi sakhiwo esiphakeme saseDurban City Hall besilokhu siyinsika kahulumeni kamasipala, sigcina amahhovisi eMeya, amahhovisi omkhandlu namanye amahhovisi abalulekile. Eminyakeni eminingi yokwahlukaniswa ngokobuhlanga, nemithetho yobandlululo yangemuva kuka1948, umkhandludolobha neziphathimandla babemele intando yedlanzana labamhlophe. Ngenxa yalokhu, kuze kwashaya unyaka ka 1994 iCity Hall ithathwa njengophawu olubalulekile lukahulumeni wobandlululo nengcindezelo yiningi lezakhamuzi zaseThekwini.
Lo mbono waphinde waqinisekiswa nayizithombe eziqhakambisa abacindezeli ezakhiwe endaweni engumakhelwane weCity Hall, eyaqanjwa kabusha ngeFarewell Square ngonyka ka 1924 kubungazwa ukufika kuka-Francis Farewell nezifikanamthwalo zaseBrithani ezafika zazinza zakha indawo yokuhweba ePort Natal ngo 1824. Le ndawo eyisikwele efakwe ubonda yakhiwa ngo-1945 ngesikhathi kuhlelwe ukuvakasha kwendlunkulu yaseBrithani kanti ibandakanya izichuse zika-Queen Victoria, amasosha empi angezikhathi zengcindezelo neziphathimandla zangaleso sikhathi.
Imibhikisho yokulwa nobandlulo eyayiphikisana nemithetho ebandlululayo kahulumeni waseThekwini yayijwayele ukuhamba ku-West Street (osekuwu-Dr Pixley kaSeme Street) ibheke ehhovisi lemeya. Umbhikisho omkhulu ekuqunjweni phansi kombuso wobandlululo waba se-City Hall mhla ka 15 Agasti 1985 ngesikhathi umengameli wangaleso sikhathi u-PW Botha ekhuluma neNgqungquthela yamaNeshinali eyayiseThekwini. Nakuba kwakulindeleke ukuba amemezele izinguquko ezinkulu, okubalwa nokukhululwa kukaMandela, uBotha wala ukuthambela ingcindezi yamazwe omhlaba. Leso sigameko sabe sesethiwa ngokuthi yi-“Rubicon Speech”, njengoba saba yinkundla yokugcina yezishayamthetho zaseNingizimu Afrika zemithetho yabondlululo nokucindezelwa kosopolitiki.